Jerry Brown’s replacement will be elected on November 6, 2018 – we can expect a barrage of advertising in the meantime. Here’s how the candidates speak about the housing dilemma:
Category Archive: ‘Local Government’
Now that the big investors have virtually stopped buying homes, a legislator wants to find a way to regulate them.
Typically the term “institutional investor” refers to private investment firms that buy dozens of residential properties with the explicit aim of generating a steady income stream through rentals. Often they invest the money of wealthy individuals and public pension funds, like those established for California state workers and teachers.
The best example is Blackstone, a publicly traded Wall Street firm that barrelled into the country’s single-family home market in the depths of the Great Recession in the late 2000s. Through its residential investment-focused subsidiary, Invitation Homes, Blackstone is now the largest owner of single-family homes nationwide. In California, they own about 13,000 homes.
But firms such as Blackstone have stopped buying wide swaths of California homes. According to the real estate data firm ATTOM Data Solutions, which defines institutional investors as entities that buy 10 or more homes in a given year, institutional investors accounted for less than 2 percent of the state’s single-family home and condo sales in 2017.
That’s a pretty steep drop from as recently as 2012, when institutional investors accounted for about 7 percent of sales.
Why the decline? California no longer has a glut of cheap houses that can be easily gobbled up in foreclosure auctions. A sustained economic recovery and a lack of construction of new housing has sent housing prices skyrocketing. It’s now too expensive for institutional investors to buy lots of California homes. Blackstone’s Invitation Homes bought only 82 California houses last year.
This is a brief history of the growth of San Diego from a sleepy mission village to a major agricultural and shipping center. Credit for this transformation goes to two men, Alonzo Horton and Frank Kimball, and an unheralded railroad, the California Southern. The construction of this railroad poured millions of dollars into San Diego and led to a vast population expansion as men came to work on the line. National City, just south of San Diego, experienced immediate growth as terminal of the line and home of the railroad yard, shipping wharf and machine shops. The California Southern proved a pivotal pawn in the breakup of the Southern Pacific monopoly in California by the Atchison Topeka Santa Fe railroad.
The subsequent rate war between the two giants led to a tremendous real estate and population boom in Southern California in the 1880s. The California Southern, with its link to a transnational railroad, proved crucial to the transformation of San Diego from a farming community to a small city of emerging industry and mercantile expansion. Unfortunately the hopes of the citizens of San Diego to create a port to rival San Francisco were not realized. Los Angeles grew even more quickly, and San Diego never reached the prominence for which it dreamed.Link to Article
Hat tip to Wendy for sending this in!
A shutdown of the federal government could throw a monkey wrench into many corners of our economy. And if you’re getting ready to close on a house, look out, because one of those wrenches might be headed your way.
That’s because some government agencies are involved in the mortgage process, and they’re generally of the “non-essential” variety. The good news is, most home buyers (probably) won’t be affected. Mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac aren’t pure government organizations, and they’ll keep right on going approving loans during any potential shutdown.
However, buyers using FHA or VA loans may run into trouble, since those agencies would likely be staffed at minimum levels during a shutdown, with all the power of a DVD player on standby mode (though VA hospitals would remain fully staffed).
In December — when we last flirted with a shutdown, because this ridiculous ritual has become a regular exercise — Zillow estimated that 3,500 home loans per day could be delayed if VA and FHA employees were furloughed and couldn’t process incoming mortgages.
That’s not the end of it, though. If you’ve applied for a mortgage, you know it involves submitting a staggering amount of paperwork and documentation — including your tax returns. Responsible lenders generally verify that information with the IRS, and guess who won’t be answering emails or picking up the phone during a government shutdown.
“They’re barred from the building and barred from using the network for access. So, you have a real shutdown,” Mortgage Bankers Association CEO David Stevens told CNBC in April — during yet another recent installment of this nonsense.
Another hiccup could occur if a lender needs to verify your Social Security number, which could happen if your application has a typo or some other information that doesn’t match up with the data on file.
The last time we had a bona fide government shutdown, in October 2013, as many as 17% of closings were delayed, according to the National Association of Realtors.
That’s no picnic — juggling a home purchase with an expiring lease or an existing home you’re trying to sell is stressful enough without one part of the equation falling through. But even worse, a few deals actually fell apart altogether.Link to Article
Here we have three different real-estate-industry opinions on the effects of the final tax reform. 1) The demand will increase due to more spendable income, pushing home prices higher; 2) The demand will drop, due to less spendable income because middle-class families will have higher taxes, and 3) Congress did the right thing and should be applauded:
The Republican party’s self-imposed Christmas deadline for the widely debated tax bill is fast approaching. Last week, Republican lawmakers announced they had the votes necessary to pass the converged Tax Cuts and Jobs Act bill. As the process moves forward, details are changing quickly, and, now, a couple of steadfast voters may not cast their ballots.
We knew these were coming:
The legislation preserves the deductions for mortgage interest and charitable giving, though it lowers the cap on the mortgage deduction from $1 million to $750,000.
Seeking to win over House Republicans from high-tax states, the conference committee legislation caps the state and local tax deduction at $10,000, with filers allowed to deduct property taxes and state and local income and sales taxes.
Those aren’t quite as generous as before, but a happy compromise.
What about the change from owning your home for two out of the last five years to get up to $500,000 tax-free profits? Both the House and the Senate wanted to change the time period to owning five out of the last eight years.
I found this on page 663 of 1101 here:
I’m not a lawyer, and could be a little woozy after scrolling 600+ pages, but I think they threw it out altogether! Before I get too excited, can an attorney tell us that ‘No provision’ means nothing was included in the final bill?
If the two-out-of-five-years is still the law, then the realtor spokespeople better be running to the microphone to declare total victory, and assuring everyone that property values won’t be going down 5% to 15% now!
We see these stories regularly now, but nothing is changing. Even if we had another housing crash and prices retreated by 10% or 20%, homes would still not be affordable for most. Hat tip to Richard!
For all of its claims of being an economic paradise, California is a failure when it comes to housing.
Not just low-income, affordable housing, but middle-income, working-class housing for teachers, firemen and long-time residents hoping to live anywhere near work.
“California has a housing crisis. We can’t provide housing to our citizens,” said Rita Brandin, with San Diego developer Newland Communities. “In Georgia, Texas and Florida, it can take a year and a half from concept to permits. In California, just the process from concept to approvals, is five years – that does not include the environmental lawsuits faced by 90 percent of projects.”
Numbers tell the story of California’s housing crisis.
* 75 percent of Southern Californians can’t afford to buy a home, according to the state realtors association.
* 16 of the 25 least affordable communities in the US are in California, according to 24/7 Wall Street.
* Officials this year declared a homeless emergency in San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego and Orange counties.
* 56 percent of state voters say they may have to move because of a lack of affordable housing. One in four say they will relocate out of state, according to University of California Berkeley’s Institute of Governmental Studies.
* A median price home in the Golden State is $561,000, according to the realtors association. A household would need to earn $115,000 a year to reasonably afford a home at that price, assuming a 20 percent down payment. Yet, two thirds of Californians earns less $80,000, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
* The household income needed to afford a median-priced home in the Silicon Valley town of Palo Alto is $450,000.
* In San Francisco, a median priced home is $1.5 million, according to the Paragon Real Estate Group.
* Home prices in California are twice the national average, and 70 percent can’t afford to buy a home, according to state figures.
* Median household income in L.A. is $64,000. That’s half what is necessary to buy a home.
*1 in 10 residents are considering leaving because they can’t afford a place to live, according to a state legislative study, while US Census figures show 2 million residents, 25 and older, have already left the state since 2010.
* In 2016, 30 percent of California tenants put more than 50 percent of their income toward rent and utilities, according to the California Budget & Policy Center. Economists consider 30 percent the limit.
* California needs to double the number of homes built each year to keep prices from rising faster than the national average, according to the Legislative Analyst’s Office.
“The biggest tragedy of California is we have stopped building houses for the middle class,” said Borre Winkle with the Building Industry Association of San Diego. “Think of California’s housing market as a martini class. We’re building some affordable housing at the low end. Absolutely nothing in the middle and the top end is high-income housing, which subsidizes low-income housing. So that is a broken system.”
In 2016, the cities of Houston and Dallas built more homes, 63,000, than the entire Golden State, which built 50,000, according to US Census Bureau figures.
“Supply and demands works,” said USC real estate professor Richard Green. “People want to be here and we’re not accommodating them with new housing and so the cost of the housing goes up.”
Read full article here (blaming building fees and NIMBYs):
As long as the House and Senate can agree, it appears that the tax reform bill will include the existing tax incentives for home buyers (M.I.D. and property-tax deduction up to $10,000). The N.A.R. and C.A.R. aren’t happy though, and are still fighting the fight.
Today, the C.A.R. issued this explanation:
We must reverse the decline in California’s homeownership rate. For over 100 years Congress has incentivized homeownership with the tax code; currently through the mortgage interest deduction. Any effort at reforming the tax code should maintain and prioritize this incentive. The current proposal only pays lip service to incentivizing homeownership. The proposed changes will result in only top earners itemizing their deductions. Therefore, the vast majority of people will no longer receive any tax incentive to purchase a home. So, while the proposal keeps the mortgage interest deduction, the incentive effect of the deduction for Americans to become homeowners disappears.
If you don’t earn enough money to itemize your deductions, you’re probably not buying a house around the coast. It would be nice if they included their math so we could see who they claim as the ‘vast majority’ of buyers.
The M.I.D. and the property-tax deduction are the two primary incentives for home buyers – and they should make it into the final version of the bill.
What about the five-out-of-eight years rule? It is a concern for recent purchasers only. The long-timers who make up about half of our sales already qualify for the new rule too.
As you can see in the chart above, on average about 22% of our sellers are recent purchasers. But the actual number of potential delayers is lower.
Today’s stats are from the 116 NSDCC sales we’ve had since November 15th. The 24% equals 28 sales, but five of those were flips, and five others had bought in 2012, and happened to sell right after their fifth anniversary. There were also a couple who sold in less than two years, so they paid the capital-gains tax anyway.
In summary, there were 16 sellers who sold between their two-year and five-year anniversary, or 14% of the total.
It suggests that roughly 14% of the potential sellers over the next 2-3 years might delay their plans to sell, in order to qualify for the tax-free profits. Great, even less inventory – hopefully the estate sales will increase!
The year-over-year sales were already lower in October by 5%, and November isn’t looking any better – and the tax reform hasn’t happened yet. I think we can expect 5% to 10% fewer sales in 2018!
This change to a five-out-of-eight benefit doesn’t really affect today’s buyers – most are planning to stay long-term. The average length of homeownership is already eleven years, and likely to go longer.
The homeowners who will suffer are those who have several houses and planned to move into each for two years to qualify – like Rob Dawg. But if it means you only get to take advantage of the rule once or twice instead of three or four times, at least some benefit came your way – sorry they changed the rules on you. Maybe you can run for president, and fix it? Lower the capital-gains tax while you’re at it!
Real estate spokespeople from N.A.R., C.A.R., Zillow, etc. keep saying that if tax reform removes the incentives for homeownership, prices would fall at least 10%. Then the Senate leaves the mortgage-interest deduction untouched, and adds back in the property-tax deduction for most – and our N.A.R. president is still claiming prices will go down?
Now she’s talking about the national debt and grandchildren. It appears that she has gone from fighting for tax incentives for homeownership to fighting for the everyman – that’s not your job! Do that on your own time.
Send our lobbyists back up to the Hill with donuts and payola and have them convince the House to agree with the Senate – quick! And stop saying prices will go down 10% or more – you have no hard evidence of that!!!!
WASHINGTON (December 2, 2017) – The U.S. Senate today passed tax reform legislation that the National Association of Realtors® believes puts home values at risk and dramatically undercuts the incentive to own a home.
NAR President Elizabeth Mendenhall, a sixth-generation Realtor® from Columbia, Missouri and CEO of RE/MAX Boone Realty, offered strong concerns over the bill and said Realtors® will continue to work with members of the House and Senate as the process moves forward into a conference committee.
“The tax incentives to own a home are baked into the overall value of homes in every state and territory across the country. When those incentives are nullified in the way this bill provides, our estimates show that home values stand to fall by an average of more than 10 percent, and even greater in high-cost areas.
“Realtors® support tax cuts when done in a fiscally responsible way; while there are some winners in this legislation, millions of middle-class homeowners would see very limited benefits, and many will even see a tax increase. In exchange for that, they’ll also see much or all of their home equity evaporate as $1.5 trillion is added to the national debt and piled onto the backs of their children and grandchildren.
“That’s a poor foot to put forward, but this isn’t the end of the road. Realtors® will continue to advocate for homeownership and hope members of the House and Senate will listen to the concerns of America’s 75 million homeowners as the tax reform discussion continues.”
The National Association of Realtors®, “The Voice for Real Estate,” is America’s largest trade association, representing 1.3 million members involved in all aspects of the residential and commercial real estate industries.
The Senate’s version of the tax reform bill didn’t include any changes to the mortgage-interest deduction, which keeps the limit at mortgages under $1,000,000. But the House limit was $500,000, and they still have to reconcile the two versions, so it’s not done yet.
The ability to deduct property taxes up to $10,000 was included at the last minute by the senators.
The 2-out-of-5 year residence requirement to avoid taxes on profits from selling your home will be changing to 5-out-of-8 years, but the effective date isn’t exactly clear yet. The Senate version included any sales contract signed in 2017 would qualify, even if they close in 2018, but we’ll see about the final reconciled version – which should come in the next couple of days.
The N.A.R. should declare victory, and assure us that our property values won’t be going down 10% to 15% now.